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Korean J Med Educ > Volume 22(3); 2010 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical Education 2010;22(3): 197-204. doi: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2010.22.3.197
의과대학 및 의학전문대학원 학생의 학습전략과 학업성취도 관계
신홍임1, 전우택2, 양은배2
1연세대학교 의과대학 BK21 의과학사업단
2연세대학교 의과대학 의학교육학과
Relationship between Learning Strategies and Academic Achievement in Medical College and Graduate Medical School Students
Hong-Im Shin1, Woo Tack Jeon2, Eunbae B. Yang2
1BK 21 Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Medical Education, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Corresponding Author: Eunbae B. Yang, Tel: +82.2.2228.2511, Fax: +82.2.364.5450, Email: nara@yuhs.ac
Received: March 31, 2010;   Revised: May 10, 2010;  Accepted: May 15, 2010.
PURPOSE: Cognitive researchers assume that learning strategies are related to three types of learning processes: 'surface learning,' 'strategy learning,' and 'deep learning.' A 'deep learning' approach is widely accepted to be associated with long-term success in medical school, contributing to the development of doctors who take desirable approaches to self-directed learning and studying in medical practice. Therefore, this study measured how medical students learn and determined whether the use of learning strategies differs between high and low academic performers. In addition, we compared medical college students with graduate medical school students with regard to the use of learning strategies. METHODS: To explore the learning strategies of students and their relation to academic achievement, we performed LIST (Learning Strategies in Higher Education Inventory) in a sample of 111 Year 1 medical students. RESULTS: Medical students with high academic performance scored higher in most learning strategies than low performers. Additionally, learning strategies were used more frequently by graduate medical school students than medical students, specifically with regard to organization, elaboration, critical thinking, and time management. CONCLUSION: We conclude that learning strategy instruments provide information that enables medical students to optimize their study. To foster deep learning and intrinsic motivation in students, it might also be necessary to adopt more changes in teaching and assessment in medical schools.
Keywords: Learning strategies;Deep learning;Surface learning;Strategic learning;Academic performance
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